Learn cake decorating piping techniques with these 12 simple and easy buttercream cake borders. Piping cake borders can actually be easy with these simple icing designs.
Today I want to go through twelve really simple buttercream border designs. Most of these are classic border designs, but they can easily be done by a beginner. So if that’s you, you’re in luck. You can get a classic cake design without needing a ton of experience.
SUPPLIES NEEDED FOR PIPING BUTTERCREAM BORDERS:
- Buttercream (You can use either all butter, or a shortening based buttercream.) Here are my recipes: Vanilla Buttercream & Shortening Based Buttercream
- Piping bags
- Icing couplers (not mandatory, but really nice to have)
- Wilton tip #21 or Wilton tip #32 (for shell borders)
- Wilton tip 1M or 4B (for the large shells)
- Wilton tip #12 (for the round pearls and shell pear (scallop))
- Wilton tip #21 or 1M (for the star borders and reverse shell borders)
- Wilton 1M, 4B or 21 (for the swirl borders)
- Wilton 1M, 2D, or 21 (for the small rosette borders)
- Wilton 6B or 8B (for dollop border)
- Wilton 352 leaf tip (for leaf borders)
- Wilton tip 21 (fleur de lis border, reverse shell border, star borders, regular shell borders)
- Wilton tip 104 or 103 (for ruffle border)
You don’t need these exact tips. You can use different sizes or different brands if you want. These were just the tips that I had on hand and that I use most often so they were convenient. Change things up and experiment to see what size you like your borders.
Everything is in a step-by-step, easy to follow tutorial video below, but for now, let’s go through each of the twelve borders, so you’ll know what they’re called and a bit of general information about each one.
Before we get too far along, I want to let you know that I’ve also got a downloadable printable cheat sheet for all these borders and the icing tips you’ll need…it’s close to the bottom of the post.
I’ve also included lots of helpful tips and answers to FAQs for piping buttercream borders after the list.
SMALL SHELL BORDER:
This one you’ve probably seem a gazillion times, but there is a reason for that. It’s just classic and works well with almost everything.
You can make large shells or small shells, depending on your cake design.
For this type of border, you can use a Wilton tip 21 (used in the video) or Wilton tip 32 which also works, or you can just get a set of both.
To Pipe the small shell border:
- Hold your piping bag at an angle, squeeze & let the icing mound up a bit, then stop squeezing as hard and just pull the piping bag toward you.
- Pipe another shell starting right after the mounded area on the shell you just piped.
- You can even spread the shells further apart if you like.
(Don’t forget, there’s also a video tutorial close to the end of this post.)
LARGE SHELL BORDER:
This one is just a larger take on the average shell border. This would normally be done on the bottom of the cake, since it’s quite large.
You could do it for the top of the cake, but you’d want to make sure the bottom border is at least as big as the top, otherwise the cake will look top heavy.
For this type of border, you can use a Wilton tip 1M or 4B.
To pipe the large shell border:
- You’ll pipe this one the same way you pipe the small shell border, only the shells will be bigger, since you’re using a larger piping tip.
ROUND PEARL BORDER:
This one is pretty classic as well and really easy to do.
For this type of border, you can use a Wilton 12 round tip, or a #5 round tip for a smaller pearl.
To pipe the round pearl border:
- Hold the piping page at a direct 90 degree angle and squeeze a small amount of icing out. Release the pressure and pull your piping bag away from the cake.
- Once you pipe the pearls, you almost always have icing sticking up into a point on each pearl. The trick for that is to add a bit of water on your finger and gently tap down that icing point.
- You’ll need to add a bit more water to your finger about every third pearl, but it works like a charm.
SHELL PEARL (SCALLOP) BORDER:
I’ve always called this one the shell pearl, but it’s really not a shell, since you don’t use the star tip. I think the correct term is the scallop border.
It’s essentially the same concept as the shell border, but you use a round tip instead of using a star tip.
For this type of border, you can use a Wilton 12 round tip or a #5 for a smaller border.
To pipe the scallop border:
- You’ll do the same technique as the small shell border above, but you’ll be using a round tip instead of a star tip.
STAR BORDER (BIG OR SMALL):
These are really simple as well and for some reason, they just scream ‘party cake’ to me. They just seem fun.
You can even mix and match the sizes of stars if you want to get all fancy.
For this type of border, you can use a Wilton 21 tip or 1M
To pipe the star border:
- Hold your piping bag at a direct 90 degree angle and squeeze. Release pressure and pull your piping bag away from the cake.
I love this one. It really looks pretty on a cake.
You can even take it up a notch by swirling different buttercream colors together and then piping it onto your cake.
You can do small or large swirled borders as well.
This border looks good as a top or bottom cake border.
For this type of border, you can use a Wilton 1M, 4B or 21 tip, or really any star tip would work as well.
To pipe the swirl border:
- Hold the piping bag at a bit of an angle and squeeze with constant pressure as your move your piping bag in a swirling fashion.
This one is up there with the swirl border as one of my favorites. It just makes for such a pretty cake and it’s so simple to do.
You can change the sizes up or tip on this one as well to get a different look.
For this border, you can use a Wilton 1M or 2D or 21 tip.
To pipe the rosette border:
- You can do this a couple different ways.
- You can pipe a rosette by starting on the outside of the rosette and swirling toward the inside…that gives you the classic rosette look.
- You can also pipe rosettes by starting in the middle and swirling outward…that gives you the look of a rose.
- Using different tips will give you a different look as well.
- This one is fun to experiment with and it looks good as a top and bottom cake border.
If you want more in depth instruction for piping rosettes, you can go here: Better Buttercream Rosettes
I have no idea whether the word ‘dollop’ is even an actual word, but that’s what I call these things.
They’re just basically fluffy puffs of buttercream. They’re simple and really give the cake a finished look.
For this border, you can use a Wilton 6B or 8B. You can also use a very large round tip. This technique works best with a very large open piping tip and with softer icing.
To pipe the dollop border:
- This border looks best on top of the cake.
- You’ll hold the piping bag at a direct 90 degree angle from the cake. Squeeze and let the icing mound up a bit, then release the pressure and pull your piping bag straight up. It should form a nice point at the top.
- This technique works best with a very large open piping tip and with softer, fluffier icing.
This one is fun and a little bit different. You can build up your leaves on the bottom of the cake by piping more rows.
For this border, you can use a Wilton 352 leaf tip.
To pipe the leaf border:
- You’ll need to hold the piping bag at almost a 90 degree angle from the cake, but tilt the tip up and your hand down just a bit.
- Make sure the points of the icing tip are on the top and bottom, not the sides.
- Squeeze and let the icing mound up just a bit. Release pressure and pull away from the cake and down a bit.
- You can pipe one row around the bottom of the cake and then go and pipe on another one above it to give it a layered look.
- You can also use larger leaf tips to get larger leaves.
FLEUR DE LIS BORDER:
These are more of a border that goes around the top side of the cake and they’re an old fashioned, yet classic cake piping design that I think still looks really elegant.
This one is a little more challenging, but it’s a similar technique to make shells. You’ll just be making them into a patterned shape.
With just a small amount of practice, you’ll have these down in no time.
For this border, you can use a Wilton 21 tip, or any star tip you feel comfortable with (but not a very large one).
To pipe the fleur de lis border:
- This border is piped around the top outside edge of the cake.
- You’re going to make a large shell in the middle and two smaller shells, one on each side, that connects to the larger middle shell.
- Hold the piping bag at a 90 degree angle from the top, side of the cake. Squeeze and let the icing mound up into a large shell then release the pressure and pull the icing bag down.
- Next make a smaller shell to the left and to the right, but curve them in and connect them along the bottom of the larger shell.
- Make these all around the outside of your cake. It’s a good idea to mark where you’ll pipe these first, so they are evenly spaced.
This one is so fun. If you want to go super crazy, you could actually do this all over the cake.
A tip to remember for this one is that you want the skinny end of the petal tip to be the outside of the ruffle..that way you get the ruffle effect.
For this border, you can use a Wilton 104 or 103 petal tip and 12 round tip (or even smaller tip) for the pearl border that goes over it.
To pipe the ruffle border:
- For this border, you’ll use a petal tip to get the ruffles and a round tip to pipe a pearl border over the top edge.
- Hold the piping bag sideways against the cake and make sure that the skinny edge of the petal tip is facing down. (The skinny edge is what will give it the ruffled look.)
- You can either pipe each ruffle individually by making a closed ‘u’ piping motion, or you can just pipe lines of ruffles by doing a continuous ‘w’ motion across the bottom of the cake.
- Use a larger petal tip for even bigger ruffles.
- Pipe a pearl or scallop border over the top edge to give it a finished look.
REVERSE SHELL BORDER:
This one is probably the most challenging one on the list, but once you do it a couple times, you’ll have it down.
This one is also my favorite. I LOVE how it looks on a cake. It looks complicated and people will be impressed, but it’s really not that complicated at all.
You’re essentially just piping a shell border, but in two different directions (or angles). Don’t worry, the video will show you how it’s done.
For this border, you can use a Wilton 21 tip, or an even smaller start tip if you wanted.
To pipe the reverse shell border:
- You pipe this one the same as a regular shell border, but you won’t do it in a straight line.
- Each shell will either come from the right, or the left and then stop in the middle.
- Hold the piping bag at an angle over the top of the cake, squeeze to mound up a bit of icing, then release the pressure a bit and curve to either the left or right and come down with the tail of the shell.
- Now do the same thing, but come from the opposite side and then meet in the middle where your previous shell’s tail was piped.
HELPFUL TIPS FOR PIPING BUTTERCREAM BORDERS:
- Typically, the bottom border of a cake is larger than the top border (if you have a top border at all). You definitely don’t want the top border to be huge and bulky because it’ll just make the cake look top heavy.
- I don’t like putting my cake on a turn table while I’m piping borders. It just turns on me. I find it helpful to just set the cake on a table to pipe the borders. Just make sure to keep turning the cake as you go, or your borders will end up misshapen.
- You don’t have to make a different type of buttercream just to pipe the borders. Most of the time you can use the same type of buttercream you used to ice the cake. Unless you’re piping flowers etc., there’s really no need to make a thicker or shortening based icing just for the borders.
- If you find that your buttercream is a little too soft though, you can always just add in a little more confectioner’s sugar to thicken it up (if its American Buttercream). If it’s Swiss meringue buttercream, you could always just pop it in the fridge to firm up a bit more.
- Make sure if you’re using a shortening based buttercream, that you keep it covered in the bowl. Shortening based buttercream will form a crust over it and you don’t want that to mess with your piping.
- When you start piping. Start at the back because you’ll likely never get a perfect seam where you started and ended.
FAQs FOR PIPING BUTTERCREAM BORDERS:
- My buttercream border won’t stick to the cake and keeps pulling up when I lift up the piping tip.
Your buttercream is likely too thick. Add it back to your bowl and add in a very small amount of milk or cream to thin it just a bit. Be careful here, or you can very quickly add too much and make it too thin.
- I’m having trouble because my hands are shaky.
Ok, welcome to my world. I have shaky hands too and I don’t even drink caffeine. What helps me is that I use my other hand to stabilize my piping hand. You can see a bit of this in the video. It really does help. Also try not to fill your bag really full. It makes it harder to pipe and gives you less control. Plus if your icing is too thick, it’ll make your hands shake even worse. Just know you’re not alone.
- I messed up in one spot.
You can do three things:
-You can make that the back of the cake. (I’m serious…that’s a legit way to fix it.)
-You can just scrape off that small area of the border and re-pipe it.
-You can scrape off the entire border and re-pipe the whole thing.
Which method you use will depend on how bad the goof is and the other design elements on the cake. If you’ve got a super smooth iced cake, it might not be worth taking the risk of messing that up, just to fix a small area of the border.
Also, if you’re using crusting buttercream (buttercream made with shortening), it’ll form this really thin shell over the icing, which works to hold it together if you have to scrape a small area of the border off. So if you end up needing to do that, just wait about 15 minutes and let the icing crust over a little before you scrape that off and then try scraping that area off with a toothpick for more precision. That might help.
If you have any more questions that I missed, just let me know in the comment section below this post. I’m happy to help!
AND HERE IS THE VIDEO TO SHOW HOW TO PIPE EACH BORDER:
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